And yet, while there is not a ‘wave’ of anti-Semitism and terrible things have occurred before, and while it is not a matter of centralised political mobilisation or state policy anywhere in Europe, the current upsurge of attacks on Jews and Jewish institutions and the deepening antagonisms directed from specific segments of European society are seriously worrying. The cumulative danger, stress, and burden of self-protection threaten lives and communities and also undermines liberal society.

Waltzer, Kenneth.  “Reflection on Contemporary Anti-Semitism in Europe.”  P. 3. Fathom, Insight / No. 1, 2015 (PDF)

* * *