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Dickey, Christopher. “How Cuba Helped Make Venezuela a Mafia State.” Daily Beast, June 2, 2019.

InSight Crime. “Venezuela: A Mafia State?” Seven-part series, May 16, 2018 to May 25, 2018. Full report: InSight Crime. “Venezuela: A Mafia State?” Report (PDF): 1) “7 Reasons for Describing Venezuela as a ‘Mafia State’”, Mary 16, 2018; 2) “Drug Trafficking Within the Venezuelan Regime: The ‘Cartel of the Suns’”, May 17, 2018; 3) “The Devolution of State Power: The ‘Colectivos’”, May 18, 2018; 4) “The Devolution of State Power: ‘The Pranes’,” May 20, 2018; 5) “Colombia and Venezuela: Criminal Siamese Twins,” May 21, 2018; 6) “Honduras and Venezuela: Coup and Cocaine Air Bridge,” May 23, 2018; 7) “Dominican Republic and Venezuela: Cocaine Across the Caribbean,” May 24, 2018; 8) “Venezuela and El Salvador: Exporting Aid and Corruption,” May 25, 2018.

BackChannels readers should be more sophisticated than those who embroil themselves in arguing for or against capitalism, communism, and socialism.

For what Venezuela has come to experience, all of the “isms” are superfluous.

Venezuelan dictatorships have chosen repeatedly to ignore good advice. Credit the Chavez Regime for its contribution to this illuminating report from Foreign Policy: https://foreignpolicy.com/2018/07/16/how-venezuela-struck-it-poor-oil-energy-chavez/


Venezuela is rich in natural resources, and that far beyond oil!

And yet, the “socialist” dictator would not encourage the diversifying of the economy through even modest individual capitalization or devotion to good ideas.

Now people have gotten the message and they’re scraping gold off of the earth — and growing gardens with earnest interest in bare survival.

Migration: 4 million, according to the above Fox network video.

And yet Maduro and his cronies will attempt to assure Venezuelans of the government’s ability to recover (while demonizing The North).

Venezuela has failed.

The state needs valued cash supply, humanitarian aid, and a transition that puts the latent wealth of the nation into fair and just use.

Related on BackChannels for political meditation: https://conflict-backchannels.com/coins-and-other-terms/anthropolitical-psychology/malignant-narcissism/